Fondarex - Calculation of the
vacuum build-up in the mould cavity
Description of the parameters:
Volume of the vacuum tank:
Volume of the vacuum tank in litres.
Initial air pressure in the vacuum tank:
Air pressure in the vacuum tank at the time the vacuum build-up begins,
Inner diameter of the hose line to be evacuated from the vacuum valve or
chill block to the CCAB.
Length of the hose line to be evacuated from the vacuum valve or chill
block to the CCAB.
Note: The volume of the two air filters located on this section is
calculated internally by adding an additional 1 litre.
The "mould temperature" is the average temperature to which the air heats
up before the plunger movement begins.
In addition to the air in the mould cavity, we also consider the air in
the casting chamber, which has been heated by the molten metal flowing
Shot weight (aluminium):
Weight of the aluminium dosed into the shot sleeve in kg.
If other alloys are used, the actual shot weight must be converted to the
density of liquid aluminium (2.6 g/cm³).
Active shiot sleeve length:
Length of the shiot sleeve over which the melt spreads during dosing.
End of poring hole:
Plunger position from which the pouring hole is closed by the pplunger.
Reaching this position is the starting point for the vacuum build-up
Plunger velocity of the 1st phase:
Average speed of the plunger in the range "End of pouring hole" to "Shot
Number of vacuum channels:
Number of vacuum channels used. In this simulation all vacuum channels
are granted for beeing identical:
Same venting unit, same venting cross-section, same hose diameter, same
If, for example, several chill blocks are connected in parallel to 1
channel, only 1 channel is counted, but the venting cross-section is
Venting cross-section per channel:
The narrowest flow cross-section in the chill block or vacuum valve
Depending on the type of venting device selected, different flow
resistance is calculated for the same venting cross-section.
Vacuum start delay:
Delay of vacuum activation in seconds from VACUSTART ( = plunger has
"closed" the pouring hole)
Vacuum valve closes after [s]:
Time at which the vacuum valve located in the die casting mould is closed.
The vacuum suction behind the valve up to the tank remains active.
This parameter is generally only of interest when evaluating hydraulic
During vacuum reduction, the flow cross-section in the area of the CCAB is
reduced to the percentage specified here at the start of the vacuum
(0% = closed, 100% = max. flow ).
Duration of the vacuum reduction:
Time in seconds that the vacuum reduction
is maintained. The time is measured from the time (VACUSTART) at which the
pouring hole is closed by the plunger.
cross-section is the sum of all gaps and openings on the die casting mould
through which air can flow in from outside during vacuum build-up.
Essentially, these are
- Vacuum valves / chill blocks that do not seal properly
- dirty, non-parallel dividing surface,
- slide guides,
- ejector allowance and
- gap between the shoit sleeve and plunger.
Time of evaluation:
The calculated values for pressures and extracted air volume are specified
for the evaluation time (in seconds after vacuum start).
If the specified evaluation time is after the end of the first phase
("shot sleeve full"), the values for the time of evaluation is set to the
end of the 1st phase.